What is bread flour?
Bread flour is a type of wheat flour that is specifically designed for use in baking bread. It is made from hard wheat varieties that have a high protein content, typically between 11-13%. This protein, known as gluten, is responsible for the elasticity and structure of bread dough.
Bread flour has a coarser texture and higher gluten content than all-purpose flour, which makes it ideal for creating the structure and rise of bread dough. It is typically used in bread recipes that require a lot of kneading and shaping, such as baguettes and artisan breads.
Bread flour can also be used in recipes that require a chewy texture, such as pizza dough and focaccia. It can be substituted for all-purpose flour in most recipes, although the resulting texture may be slightly denser and chewier.
Overall, bread flour is an essential ingredient for creating delicious, crusty breads with a satisfying texture.